"The way positive reinforcement is carried out is more important than the amount."
B. F. Skinner
"Knowledge rests not upon truth alone, but upon error also."
Play "Demo List,"
then review the "Memory Tips Slide Show."
Memory Tips Slide Show
After playing the Demo List, click through these slides.
The first and last items on a list are the easist to remember. The firsr tiems are better rehearsed, the last are fresh in memory. Extending this idea, some report that studying before bed or when waking is best.
"Nez" is more similar to the English language than is "zxn" and more meaningful. Transform or reword difficult information so that it becomes more meaningful to you. Relate information to what you already know.
Interesting or distinct information is more easily rememebered. Make sure to read examples and not just definitons. Devise your own offbeat examples to enliven dry material - the more unique, the better for memory.
Adding sound can help with learring. Record and listen to yourself summarizing information. Reading aloud helps some. Explaining to others - teach them the material and you will know it. Use rhyming.
Using visual imagery can aid memory. Imagine a scene, use highlighing, flashcards, PowerPoint presentations, videos. Doodling on notes can allow you to better visualize and organizing thought. Make charts, diagrams, outlines.
Did the word "sex" interfere
with your memory of the preceding word "paper?" Information learned before and after can deter what you are currently learning. Take breaks. Isolate topics in time. Minimize distraction. Turn off the phone.
More abstract words and concepts are difficult to associate and remember. Understanding and deeper processing into the meaning of terms can help remember them. Stick to basic ideas first, then plug-in more complicated ideas.
Going over information you already know can increase memory and make retrieval more effective. Review beyond the point of mastery. There is a difference between knowing something and understanding it. Rewrite notes.
Using shallow processing like the color of a word produces poorer recall than deeping processing such as applying the meaning of the word. Use words or ideas in sentences. Don't just memorize. Understand.
Familiar items are more easilty remembered. Relate new information to people you know, experiences, ideas you already know well. Most memory techniques peg new things into well-rehearsed ones. Try using acronyms for familiar cues.
Grouping together similar or related items helps can increase the amount of items you can remember. Organize material into logical topic areas. Emphasize connections. Put related items into story or visual scene.
Information is better retained when experienced in many smaller time segments than in one long "massed practice." Do not cram. Take breaks. Plan ahead to study one topic at a time to reduce interference.
Interact with many fascinating games and exhibits.
Can a person remember being born?
Multi-page article and video with history and conclusion originally from Discovery Health.
Improving Concentration Memory
Techniques and advice with activities from Virginia Tech.
The Woman Who Could Not Forget
This site presents moral dilemmas asking you to apply them - Haverford College.
Some Moral Dilemmas
Situations that demand moral reasoning - Los Angeles Valley College
The Morality Test 1
Take and evaluate a test of your morality.
The Morality Test 2
Social responsibility questionnaire - BBC.